1. Procurement logistics
·Procurement logistics is the flow of goods when the raw materials and parts necessary for manufacturing are procured from suppliers.
· This field did not attract much attention before, but now that small-lot production of a variety of models is the main type of production, many firms are actively pursuing production by procuring the necessary materials in only the necessary amounts at the necessary times (the shift to just-in-time production) because it is directly connected to reducing inventory costs.
2. Production logistics
· production logistics is the flow of goods that includes the management of procured parts and materials, distribution inside a factory, product management, packaging, and shipping to the warehouse.
·The state of delivery vehicles can be managed by smoothly linking procurement logistics and sales logistics described later.
3. Sales logistics
· Direct delivery makes up a large amount of this volume due to online shopping and e-commerce.
·Whether delivery through delivery centers and logistics warehouses or direct delivery from production sites, higher efficiency in transportation and delivery is indispensable for delivering the necessary goods.
·This also contributes to improving customer satisfaction.
4. Recovery/ Recycling Logistics
·The term forward logistics refers to the flow of goods from production to consumption, while recovery logistics is the flow that recovers and recycles products, containers, and packaging that have fulfilled their role.
·Similar to recycling logistics described later, emphasis is being placed on this flow in recycling-oriented societies.
· The importance of recycling logistics has been increasing as measures for the environment and to effectively utilize materials such as minor metals.
·Typical examples are recovering and recycling empty cans, plastic bottles, and old paper. Containers, packaging, old computers, and inkjet cartridges can also be recovered and recycled in the same manner.